World diabetes day 2019 aims to bring awareness to the disease that affects over 415million people around the globe, every single day.
On the 14th of November every year, world diabetes day offers the opportunity for sufferers, carers, friends and family to come together and shed some light on the disease that touches the lives of so many.
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes blood sugar levels to rise due to a lack of insulin functionality. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and is responsible for the regulation of glucose levels in the blood.
The role of insulin is somewhat like that of a carrier; facilitating the transfer of glucose through the cell walls for the body to use as energy. If this process is not carried out efficiently, blood sugar levels will subsequently rise and a whole host of negative side effects will be sure to follow.
Different Types Of Diabetes.
There are 2 main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which antibodies turn against the pancreas as if it were some sort of foreign body or virus. Due to the continuous attack from the antibodies, eventually the pancreas becomes so servery impaired that it can no longer produce enough insulin (if any at all) to support normal bodily function.
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes, and the only way to manage the disease is through well-timed synthetic insulin injections every day.
This course of treatment is incredibly intrusive and greatly affects quality of life.
Type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 is the more prevalent of the two types of diabetes and is normally seen as the milder of the pair.
In sufferers of type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still produces some insulin, but not enough to adequately manage blood sugar levels. Those with type 2 diabetes are not solely reliant on insulin injections and can help to contain symptoms and lessen severity through diet and exercise.
However, some degree of synthetic insulin supplementation is usually required regardless.
Obesity is the leading factor contributing to the progression of type 2 diabetes.
Other types of diabetes.
There are a few other sub-categorised types of diabetes, including gestational diabetes which is diabetes caused by pregnancy – but these are incredibly rare.
There is no way to diagnose diabetes without professional testing – there are, however, some common symptoms of diabetes that may indicate that its time to go see a doctor.
- Urinating more frequently than usual, particularly at night.
- Feeling thirsty even after drinking water.
- Feeling overly tired and fatigued.
- Unexpected weight loss.
- Genital itching.
- Blurred vision.
- Sweet-smelling breath.
Weight Gain And Diabetes.
A common side effect of managing diabetes is weight gain, this is due to a sudden increase in insulin levels.
When the insulin the body produces is unable to efficiently blood sugar and provide cells with energy, the body craves more and more, causing you to overeat in order to compensate.
When insulin levels are returned to normal, the cravings remain, but the wasted sugar does not – inherently causing a calorie surplus and weight gain.
Managing Sugar Cravings.
The Best diet for diabetes and weight loss is that of a low glycemic index, which are foods that provide little spike in blood sugar. Consuming foods such as herbal teas, oily fish and lean proteins are an excellent way to manage sugar cravings and make healthier food choices.
A note to leave with.
Suffering from either type one or type two diabetes can incredibly taxing on both the body and the mind. Help to bring awareness to the disease and support those whore are forced to live with it by joining in with this years world diabetes day 2019.